Light steel frames, also known as the worl, are a fundamental building material used for supporting structures, securing architectural features, and widely employed in construction projects. In the realm of housing construction, light steel frames play a vital role in distributing structural loads, maintaining structural balance, and fulfilling various functional requirements.
Types of Light Steel Frames:
Light steel frames come in various types, classified based on the materials used for their construction. These materials include wood, light steel, aluminum alloy, and steel. Wood frames, commonly used in interior decoration, come in many models and are utilized to support exterior decorative panels and serve as brackets. Light steel frames, on the other hand, have gained significant popularity in recent years, especially in applications like suspended ceilings, partition walls, and due to their excellent fire-resistant properties, they are capable of creating a wide range of aesthetically pleasing designs.
Rise of Light Steel Frames:
Due to their superior strength and extended lifespan compared to wood frames, light steel frames have become the preferred choice when building homes, including villas and self-constructed houses. The use of wood frames has gradually declined, primarily serving as auxiliary materials in building decoration. Meanwhile, light steel frames have gained the spotlight, particularly with the surge in popularity of light steel villas, attracting the attention of homeowners with their various features and advantages.
Composition of Light Steel Frames:
Light steel frames are a modern building material manufactured using a special rolling process with hot-dip aluminum-zinc steel strips or thin steel sheets. They offer the benefits of being lightweight, high-strength, waterproof, earthquake-resistant, dust-resistant, sound-absorbing, and temperature-regulating. Additionally, they are known for their short construction periods and ease of installation, making them suitable for various roofing designs, both interior and exterior walls, and frame-style ceilings. Light steel frames serve as the foundation material for supporting a variety of materials, including gypsum boards, calcium silicate boards, and sound-absorbing boards.
Light steel frames find extensive use in civil engineering and light textile industrial buildings, contributing to excellent interior decoration, soundproofing, and other functional advantages. Their thickness ranges from 0.4mm to 2mm, with the choice of thickness depending on the specific purpose and load-bearing requirements of the frame.
Classification of Light Steel Frames:
Light steel frames can be categorized based on the method of galvanization, which includes hot-dip aluminum-zinc and cold galvanization. Hot-dip galvanization is more expensive, while cold galvanization is cost-effective.
Light steel frames are also classified based on their intended use, such as ceiling frames and partition frames. Ceiling frames consist of load-bearing frames (main frames) and covering frames (auxiliary frames) along with various accessories, whereas partition frames include horizontal frames, vertical frames, diagonal bracing frames, and related accessories.